DBT is a unique treatment that is used for patients with Borderline Personality Disorder. It was originally developed by Professor Marsha Linehan at University of Washington, Seattle.
The popularity of this has grown rapidly in the USA and has in recent years, become a very popular treatment in Europe. This is largely because of its success in treating client groups whose emotional problems are especially difficult to manage within a therapeutic relationship or institutional setting.
- Treats patients with history of chronic suicidal behaviour
- It is a unique, team based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
- Can enhance morale and effectiveness of the practicing therapist
- DBT can be adapted to suit eating disorders, adolescents and substance misuse, among others
- Recognised effective treatment
There are 4 standards components to the DBT process:
- Individual therapy, comprising of 60 minutes per week
- Group educational skills training, comprising of 120 minutes per week
- Team meeting, comprising of 90 minutes per week
- Unscheduled telephone calls, normally 6 minutes long
Research has shown that DBT leads to improvement in a number of areas related to BPD, from self-harming, suicide attempts, depression, eating problems and feelings of hopelessness. The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidelines have proposed that DBT is an effective choice for treatment for women with Borderline Personality Disorder who want to reduce self-harming.
How it helps patients
Offering a DBT programme to patients teach them how to regulate emotions, control self-destructive behaviour and help improve interpersonal relations. It has been developed and is employed for patients with severe personality disorders, including borderline personality disorders. There is an expansive evidence base that helps to show how a number of different patients have been able to improve their condition significantly. The scope has been well and truly increased, with it able to help individuals whom BPD may be a co-morbid problem. It works in a variety of settings, for example with children, adolescents, people with intellectual disabilities and or in prison etc.